The optimist view is that globalisation is an unstoppable force, and mostly a beneficial one way process through which western ideals are transferred to other parts of the world
This summary is designed for A level sociology students studying the SCLY3 module in Global Development and outlines four perspectives on globalisation.
Optimist Globalism – Globalisation is mostly positive
1. More international trade, especially since the 1950s = Increasing wealth, health, education for most countries. Evidence below
This Hans Rosling Video illustrates the relationship between increasing wealth (brought about by trade) and health
The case of China’s economic growth – Use this‘trading economics’ web site to check out how China’s GDP growth over the last ten years (from 2001) appears to be directly correlated with its growth in exports (use the links to the right to change between graphs – you might need to change the years selection around too).
China is not the only country benefiting from increasing trade (imports and exports) – China is just one of four nations known as the BRIC Nations (Brazil, Russia, India and China) – 4 up and coming economies that are predicted to be wealthier than Britain by 2050.
2. Optimists argue that Transnational Corporations are a force for good. Companies such as Apple, Sony, etc bring investment and jobs to developing countries.
3. Patterns of consumption are becoming globalised – More people around the world are consumers rather than living subsistence lifestyles. Also people increasingly consume similar foods and brands (and shop for them in similar ways). Increasing global tourism is another feature of this. Evidence below…
These photos of ‘what the world eats’ – Suggest similar consumption patterns.
4. Sporting events such as the world cup and the Olympics have become more popular.
5. The spread of Democracy and respect for human rights since the end of WW2 – E.G. The end of colonial rule in Africa, the collapse of communism and the Arab Spring. This is also evidenced in the establishment of the United Nations and the growth of global social movements such as green peace.
6. The growth of social media (Facebook and Twitter) have lead more freedom around the world.
7. Globalistion increasingly means global cities – urban centres which have highly educated, politically engaged middle classes.