Key Concepts for Sociology – Education

Starting off with gender and education, gradually going to be populated with more! 

Crisis of Masculinity         

Where men are uncertain about what it means to be a man because of the decline of traditional masculinity. Men used to get a sense of purpose and identity simply by going to work and performing the breadwinner role, now that more women are taking on these roles, this no longer defines masculinity, resulting in men wondering what the point of their existence is (anomie).

Feminisation of Teaching           

This involves more women taking up jobs in teaching.  There are now more female than male teachers, especially in primary education.

Gender Domains   

Gender domains are the tasks which are typically seen as either male or female – in terms of household chores, for example, DIY is part of the male gender domain, whereas doing the laundry may be seen as part of the female gender domain.

Gender Norms

Gender norms are the behaviours and attitudes which are associated with masculinity and femininity; gender roles are the social positions we typically associate with masculinity/ femininity.

Gender identities

How one understands and expresses (acts out) one’s own sense of masculinity/ femininity

Hegemonic Masculinity

Ideas about masculinity should involve being in control, dominant, aggressive, competitive, striving for success in the public spheres of work and/ or politics, and limiting their role in the family to that of bread winner and disciplinarian.

Patriarchy    

A system dominated by men or run by men/ in the interests of men, which typically involves the oppression and subordination of women.

Sexism         

This involves prejudice or discrimination against women on the basis of their sex.

 All (or at least most!) Education Concepts – Check List

Achieved status

 

Division of Labour Labeling

 

Ascribed status Education Action Zones League Tables

 

Banding/ Streaming

 

Elaborated Speech Code

 

Legitimation of class inequality
Beacon School

 

Equality of opportunity

 

Marketisation
Canalisation

 

Ethnocentric Curriculum

 

Material Deprivation
City Academy

 

Faith school

 

Meritocracy

 

Compensatory Education

 

Fatalism

 

Meritocracy
Comprehensive School

 

Gender regime

 

Modern Apprenticeships
Comprehensivisation

 

Globalisation

 

Motivation by external rewards
Correspondence theory Grammar School

 

Multi cultural education

 

Counter school culture Grant Maintained School

 

Myth of meritocracy
Cultural Capital Hidden Curriculum National Curriculum

 

Cultural Deprivation Ideal Pupil New Deal

 

Curriculum 2000

 

Ideological state apparatus OFSTED
Cycle of Deprivation Immediate Gratification Parentocracy

 

Deferred Gratification

 

Independent (Private) Schools Parity of Esteem

 

Deterministic

 

Patriarchy

 

Particularistic values
Post-Fordism

 

Polarization

 

Passive subservience
Postmodernisation

 

Positional Theory

 

Patriarchal Ideology

 

Restricted Speech Code

 

Reproduction of inequality

 

Role Allocation
School- Parent Alliance Self Fulfilling Prophecy

 

Vocationalism
School/ Parent alliance

 

Disconnected Choosers

 

Institutional Racism

 

Sink schools Social Capital Specialist School

 

Skilled Choosers

 

Social Class State Schools
Sure Start

 

Universalistic values Secondary Socialisation
Value Consensus Social Solidarity Teaching to the Test
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