Three examples of the ‘globalisation of education’
The globalisation of education refers to how a ‘global system’ of education is emerging, beyond the level of individual countries. Three examples of this are:
- PISA league tables rank countries according to how well pupils’ score on English and maths tests.
- International companies are increasingly providing educational services in Britain and abroad.
- Private schools and universities are expanding abroad and offering services to fee-paying parents/ students.
Below I will briefly consider each of these aspects of the globalisation of education in more depth, applying some sociological perspectives to provide some analytical depth.
PISA league tables rank countries according to how well pupils’ score on English and maths tests.
From a New Right/ neoliberal perspective this encourages competition between countries – with each country trying harder to raise standards. The UK ranks in the mid 20s for most of the tests for example and so should be under pressure to do better!
International companies are increasingly providing educational services in Britain and abroad.
One example of this is where companies such as Apple and Microsoft provide educational software to schools all over the world.
A second example is International exam boards providing assessment services and text books to different countries.
From a neoliberal perspective, this makes sense as these companies are efficient and in a better position to provide such services than especially governments in poorer countries (who tend to lack money).
From a Marxist perspective, this is a process of mainly Western companies gaining power and control over the education systems of poorer countries
U.K. private schools and universities are expanding abroad and offering services to fee-paying parents/ students
From a neoliberal perspective this is very good for the UK education sector, it increases profits and more money flows into the UK.
From a Marxist perspective, looked at globally, these institutions only really benefit the elite, they do nothing for the poor, so this will just perpetuate global inequality.
You might also like to consider this post on how globalisation more generally has affected education in the UK, and how education policy has responded to this.