The 2011 Review of Vocational Education, also known as the 2011 Wolf Report noted a number of strengths and limitations of Vocational Education in England and Wales in 2011, before going on to make almost 30 recommendations.
This is an important report because it set the scene for a possible major (if very gradual) restructuring of the delivery of vocational education in England and Wales.
The strengths of Vocational Education in 2011
- Some vocational courses taught important and valuable labour market skills to a very high standard, skills which couldn’t be met through academic courses.
- Some Vocational courses offered a direct route to higher level study – hundreds of thousands of students had benefited from these.
- Some prestigious apprenticeships were massively over-subscribed, and thus very popular (in high demand)
- Good vocational programmes are respected, valuable and an important part of our, and any other country’s, educational provision.
The limitations of Vocational Education in 2011
Too many vocational students were pursuing sub-standard vocational pathways:
- Many 16 to 17 year olds were moving in and out of education and short-term
- Between a quarter and a third of post-16 vocational students were doing vocational qualifications with little labour market value.
- At least 350,000 students were getting little to no benefit from the post-16 education system.
- The report saw English and Maths GCSE (at grades A*-C) as fundamental to young people’s future prospects, yet less than 50% of students had achieved both by the age of 16.
- The system then steered that 50% of Maths and English failures into ‘inferior’ vocational qualifications.
Recommendations based on the above report
The report made 27 recommendations, including:
- Schools should have more freedom to offer vocational qualifications for pupils aged 14-16
- Students who fail their GCSEs in English and Maths at age 16 should be required to redo them as part of their post 16 study.
- There needs to be a set of general standards for all post 16 vocational programmes
- Post-16 students shouldn’t be able to pursue a purely occupation based training course, there should be some kind of academic study in there.
- The bottom quintile of achieving students should pursue post-16 education which focus on employability and ‘core skills’.
- Employers who provided apprenticeships should be paid.
- Generally there needs to be better links and standardisation between colleges and employers in the provision of training.
- If students don’t use up their ‘education allowance by the age of 19’ they should be given a credit to use later on in life.
Some of the recommendations were quite wooly!
The 2015 review of Progress
If you’re interested you can read this here!