Sociological Perspectives – Key Supporting Evidence

Below are a few quantitative and qualitative sources (case studies and statistics) that can be used to illustrate aspects of the main perspectives within A-level sociology – Functionalism, Marxism, Feminism, Social Action Theory and Post and Late Modernism Functionalism Bruce Parry: participant observation with ‘The Tribe’ Educating Yorkshire Official statistics show declining family Size Cross … Continue reading “Sociological Perspectives – Key Supporting Evidence”

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Evaluate the Functionalist View of the Role of Education in Society (30) #LONG VERSION

An A-level sociology essay written for the AQA’s 7192 (1) specification, exam paper 1. This is the long, ‘overkill’ version of the essay, written using the PEAC system (Point – Explain – Analyse – Criticise) An obvious starting point before reading this essay would be to read my post on the Functionalist Perspective on Education. NB – … Continue reading “Evaluate the Functionalist View of the Role of Education in Society (30) #LONG VERSION”

Bauman’s Consuming Life A Summary – Chapter 2 – The Society of Consumers

Summary of chapter One  A fairly lengthy, paraphrased summary with a few comments in italics In consumer culture people behave ‘unreflexivly’ – without thinking about what they consider to be their life purpose and what they believe to be the right means of reaching it, without thinking about about what prompts them into action or … Continue reading “Bauman’s Consuming Life A Summary – Chapter 2 – The Society of Consumers”

How will Big Data Change Social Research?

Big data will change the nature of social research –  more data will do away with the need for sampling (and eradicated the biases that emerge with sampling); big data analysis will be messier, but this will lead to more insights and allow for greater depth of analysis; and finally it will move us away … Continue reading “How will Big Data Change Social Research?”

Max Weber’s Social Action Theory

Max Weber (1864-1920) was one of the founding fathers of Sociology. Weber saw both structural and action approaches as necessary to developing a full understanding of society and social change. In one of his most important works ‘Economy and Society’, first published in the 1920s, he said ‘Sociology is a science concerning itself with interpretive … Continue reading “Max Weber’s Social Action Theory”

Modernization Theory

By the end of the Second World War many of the countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America had failed to develop and remained poor, despite exposure to capitalism. There was concern amongst the leaders of the western developed countries, especially the United States, that communism might spread into many of these countries, potentially harming … Continue reading “Modernization Theory”

Theory and Methods for A Level Sociology: The Basics

An overview of theory and methods for second year A level sociology – a very brief overview covering the bare-bones of (1) Positivism and Interpretivism, (2) Is sociology a sicence?, (3) Sociology and value freedom, (4) Functionalism, (5) Marxism, (6) Feminism, (7) Social action theory, (8) Post and late modernism, (9) Sociology and social policy.  … Continue reading “Theory and Methods for A Level Sociology: The Basics”

Educational Technology – Increasing Inequality and Other Potential Problems

Does the increasing use of educational technology enhance the ‘learning experience’ for learners, or does it just reinforce existing social problems such as inequality of educational outcomes? Personally I’m sceptical about the benefits of educational technology.  In its recent report, OFCOM describe young people as prolific users of digital media, with the vast majority of … Continue reading “Educational Technology – Increasing Inequality and Other Potential Problems”

Social Action Theory – A Summary

Unlike structural theorists, social action theorists argue that people’s behaviour and life-chances are not determined by their social background. Instead, social action theorists emphasises the role of the active individual and interactions between people in shaping personal identity and in turn the wider society. In order to understand human action we need to uncover the … Continue reading “Social Action Theory – A Summary”

The Labelling Theory of Crime

Labelling theory argues that criminal and deviant acts are a result of labelling by authorities – and the powerless are more likely to be negatively labelled.