Nationalism and Modernity
Ernest Gellner argued that the nations, the nation state and nationalism had their origins in modernity, more specifically in the French and industrial revolutions of the late 18th century. The origins of Nationalism and the feelings associated with it are thus not rooted in human nature, but in the social processes which emerged with the…
Nations without States
Many national identities do not have formal nation states with full autonomy: examples include the Welsh, the Basques, the Kurds and the Palestinians.
The Postmodern Subject
Postmodern subjects have fragmented identities.
Identity and Difference
A summary of Kath Woodward’s theory of how identity is constructed.
Dominic Strinati – A Critique of Mass Culture Theory
mass culture is not homogenous, its consumers are not passive and there are no distinct high or folk cultures.
Herber J. Gans: The Plurality of Taste Cultures
Herbert Gans criticised mass culture theorists by suggesting there was a plurality of cultures in America, each of equal value.
The 2022 World Cup and LGBTQ rights
The 2022 football world cup in Qatar has caused controversy because Qatar does not recognise same sex marriage or civil partnerships whereas European nation states tend to do so. To my mind this year’s world cup has been overshadowed by politics and it’s shone a light on how little global consensus there is over the…
Mass culture refers to standardised, simplified cultural products produced for profit. According to Dwight Macdonald mass culture was harmful to society.