There are three main strands to New Labour’s Education Policies –
- Raising standards – which essentially meant building on what the New Right had done previously
- Increasing diversity and choice within education
- Improving equality of opportunity
1. New Labour Policies designed to Improve Standards
- Class sizes – were reduced to 30
- Literacy and Numeracy Hour – one hour per day of reading and maths
- Extension of school career and the school day – children now start at 4, even younger in Sure Start nurseries and the leaving age is being raised to 18.
- Tougher Line on Inspection – Expanded the role of OFSTED
- City Academies – 10% funded by the private or voluntary sector – extra money should help improve standards
- Higher Education – expanded the number of places available in universities
2. New Labour Policies designed to reduce inequality of opportunity
- Education Action Zones – Extra money for schools in deprived areas
- Sure Start – 12 hours a week free nursery provision for children aged 2-4
- Education Maintenance Allowance – £30 per week to encourage students from low income households to stay on in 16-18 education
3. Polices designed to increase diversity
- Specialist schools – Specialise in various subjects, providing expertise in areas from sciences to the performing arts.
- Child centred learning (differentiation within schools) – Teachers are expected to focus more on each child’s individual learning needs and OFSTED focus on this more.
- Special Educational Needs Provision – there has been a massive expansion of study and support under New Labour to support those with Special needs.
- Faith schools – expanded under New Labour
- Evaluating the Impact of New Labour’s policies
Positive Evaluations of New Labour Policies
- Standards have improved and there is greater choice and diversity –
- SATs and GCSE scores have improved significantly under New Labour
- There are now a greater diversity of schools (Specialist Schools, City Academies) and a greater variety of subjects one can study (AS and A levels, Vocational A levels, the mix and match curriculum), meaning there is more choice for parents and pupils.
- New Labour have established a ‘Learning Society’ in which learning is more highly valued and created opportunities in which adults are able to relearn new skills in order to adapt to an ever changing economy,
Criticisms of New Labour policies
- New Labour have not improved equality of educational opportunity
- The gap between middle classes and working classes achievement continues to grow because of selection of by mortgage, cream skimming etc. (see last sheet)
- The introduction of tuition fees in Higher Education puts many working class children off going to University
- The Private school system still means that those with money can get their children a better education
- City academies enable those with money to shape the curriculum
- Gilborn and Youdell argue that more students have a negative experience of education in the ‘A-C economy’
- Schools have become too test focussed, reducing real diversity of educational experience
- Students are too taught to the test and less able to think critically