Education

Links to posts on the sociology of education for A Level Sociology, including perspectives on education (Functionalism, Marxism etc.), explanations for differential educational achievement (class, gender, ethnicity), in-school processes (labelling etc.) and the impact of social policies such as the 1988 Education Reform Act. 

Education brief

An Introduction to the Sociology of Education

Education and schools in the United Kingdom – Key Statistics an overview of some of the most basic statistics on the UK education system, including the number of schools, school types, pupils and teachers, along with some comments on the validity of such statistics.

Education in America – an overview of key facts and stats of the American education system.

Education with Theory and Methods – A Level Sociology Paper 1 – an overview of the first of the three exam papers within A level sociology (AQA focus)

The role and functions of education, including its relation to the economy and to class structure

Perspectives on the Role of Education – Knowledge Check Lista simple check list for this sub-topic, covering the five main perspectives you need to know (Functionalism, Marxism, The New Right, Feminism and Post/ Late Modernism), the key concepts and some selected short answer and essay questions

The Functionalist perspective on education – brief revision notes covering four key ideas of Functionalism on education: how school encourages social solidarity, teaching skills for work, school as a bridge between home and wider society and role allocation and meritocracy. 

Evaluating the Functionalist view of the role of education in contemporary societydetailed evaluative post exploring a range of contemporary evidence which either supports or criticises the Functionalist view of education

The Marxist perspective on education – brief revision notes covering four key ideas of the Marxist perspective on education: school as part of the ideological state apparatus, the correspondence theory, and the reproduction and legitimation of class inequality. Also includes a section on Paul Willis’ neo-Marxist study ‘learning to labour’. 

Bowles and Gintis – The Correspondence Principle – detailed class notes on this classic piece of Marxist theory on education from Bowles and Gintis’ classic (1976) work ‘Schooling in Capitalist America’.

Evaluating the Marxist perspective on education – medium length evaluative post focusing on a range of contemporary evidence which either supports or criticises the Marxist view of education

The New Right perspective on education – brief revision notes

The Post-Fordist/ New Labour perspective on the role of education

Special focus on perspectives on the role of education in relation to work

Functionalist, Marxist and The New Right Views of Education  – summary vodcast comparing the three perspectives

Sociological Perspectives on the Role of Education in Society – Summary Grid – summary revision grid 

Explanations of Differential Educational Achievement of Social Groups

Sociological Explanations of Educational Underachievementclass notes, and an introduction to the sub-topic 

Social class and educational achievement

The effects of material deprivation on education – revision notes 

Evaluating the effects of material deprivation in the UKevaluative post

The effects of cultural deprivation on education – revision notes

The effects of cultural and social capital on education – revision notes

Cultural Capital and Education – class notes 

Social Class and In school factors and differential educational achievement – revision notes 

To what extent do home factors explain social class differences in educational achievement? essay plan

Gender and educational achievement

Explaining the Gender Gap in Education – External Factors – revision notes 

Evaluating the role of External Factors in Explaining the Gender Gap in Education – revision notes 

Explaining the Gender Gap in Education – In School Factors – revision notes

Gender and subject choice

Gender and identity – revision notes

Ethnicity and differential educational achievement

Material Deprivation and Ethnicity – revision notes 

Cultural factors and ethnicity – revision notes 

In school factors and institutional racism – revision notes

The relative importance of gender/ class and ethnicity in differential educational achievement

White Working Class Underachievement summary of a thinking allowed podcast

Relationships and Processes Within Schools

Teacher labelling and the self fulfilling prophecydetailed class notes covering the definitions of labeling and the self fulfilling prophecy, summaries of David Hargreave’s work on typing, Rosenthal and Jacobson’s classic field experiment, and C. Rist’s study of an American Kindergarten which focused on the relationship between social class and labelling, Also includes some evaluations of the labelling theory applied to education. 

Pupil subculturesdetailed class notes on pupil subcultures in school, covering pro and anti-school cultures and Peter Wood’s work on the range of subcultures in-between these extremes – such as retreatist subcultures. 

The Significance of Educational Policies for an Understanding of the Structure, Role, Impact and Experience of, and Access to Education in British Society

This section includes links relating to policies of selection, marketisation and privatisation; policies to achieve greater equality of opportunity or outcome, and the impact of globalisation on educational policy.

Education Policies in the UK – a very brief overview of the Tripartite System, Comprehensives, the 1988 Education Act and New Labour’s and the Coalition government’s policies of 1997 and 2010.

The impact of the 1988 Education Act – summary revision notes 

New Labour’s Education Policies (1997-2010)detailed class notes covering the  introduction of Academies, Sure Start, Education Action Zones. This post also analyses the impact of New Right or Neoliberal and Social Democratic ideas on Labour’s education policies. 

New Labour’s Education Policies – summary revision notes

2010–2015 – The Coalition Government’s education policiesclass notes covering funding cuts to education, further acadamization and the pupil premium, among other things. 

2010-2015 – The Coalition Government’s Education policiessummary revision notes 

Free Schools – Arguments For and Against – class notes

The Privatisation of Education – class notes

Selective Education Since Comprehensivisation – revision notes

Arguments for and Against Reintroducing Grammar Schools class notes

Assess Sociological Perspectives on Vocational Education essay plan

Joel Spring – Education Networks – Power, Wealth, Cyberspace and the Digitial Mind – book summary

Essay Plans/ Revision Resources

Education Revision Bundle CoverIf you like this sort of thing, then you might like my sociology of education revision notes bundle – which contains the following:

  1. 34 pages of revision notes
  2. mind maps in pdf and png format – 9 in total, covering various topics within the sociology of education
  3. short answer exam practice questions and exemplar answers
  4. how to write sociology essays, including 7 specific templates and model answers on the sociology of education

 

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