This post contains two examples of possible 4/6 mark ‘outline and explain’ questions which may come up on the AQA’s Crime and Deviance Paper 3.
Outline two structural factors which may explain differences in offending by ethnicity (4)
Two marks for each of two appropriate reasons clearly outlined or one mark for appropriate reasons partially outlined
- The higher rates of single parent families in African-Caribbean households (1 mark) this might explain the higher levels of crime because absent fathers mean lack of a disciplinary figure and the fact that children from Caribbean households are more likely to join gangs (+1 mark)
- Blocked opportunities in the education system for African-Caribbean children (1 mark) which means lower educational achievement, and a higher chance of being unemployed, which is correlated with higher levels of economic crime (+1 mark)
- Institutional racism in the police force (1 mark) higher rates of ethnic minority crime may be a frustrated response against police oppression, as with the London riots (+1 mark)
Outline three ways in which Racism may manifest itself in the criminal justice system (6)
Two marks for each of two appropriate reasons clearly outlined or one mark for appropriate reasons partially outlined. The following would get 1 mark each, you need to add in the +1s
- The police stop disproportionate amounts of black and Asian people (1 mark)
- Black suspects are more likely to be sent to jail than white people (1 mark)
- Ethnic minorities are more likely to have their cases thrown out of court than white people (1 mark)
- Black and minority officers are under-represented (1 mark)
- There is a ‘canteen culture’ of Racism in the UK police force (1 mark)
- The police force fail to take race crimes against ethnic minorities seriously (1 mark)
- For more examples of possible exam questions, please see my main page on exam advice, short answer questions and essays.
- To review the material on ethnicity and crime, please follow the relevant section of my main page on Crime and Deviance.