Monthly Archives: January 2015

Cultural Capital and Social class differences in educational achievement

For the sociologists in this section, the cause of lower class failure is the very existence of inequality itself in society and differences in power held by the working and middle classes. Cultural Capital refers to the skills and knowledge … Continue reading

Posted in education, Social class, wealth and income inequalities | Tagged , , | 1 Comment

New Labour and Education Policy

There are three main strands to New Labour’s Education Policies – Raising standards – which essentially meant building on what the New Right had done previously Increasing diversity and choice within education Improving equality of opportunity 1. New Labour Policies … Continue reading

Posted in education, Social Policies | Tagged , | 1 Comment

The New Right and The Education Reform Act

The New Right refers to conservative, right wing political beliefs, best exemplified by the Thatcher government’s policies of the 1980s. Please note that the New Right is a political philosophy not a Sociological theory! Underlying principles of the New Right … Continue reading

Posted in education, New Right | Tagged , | 1 Comment

The Marxist Perspective on Education

Traditional Marxists see the education system as working in the interests of ruling class elites. According to the Marxist perspective on education, the system performs three functions for these elites: Reproduces class inequality. Legitimates class inequality. It works in the … Continue reading

Posted in education, Marxism | Tagged , , , , , | 14 Comments

The Functionalist Perspective on Education

Functionalists focus on the positive functions performed by the education system. There are four positive functions that education performs 1. Creating social solidarity 2. Teaching skills necessary for work 3. Teaching us core values 4. Role Allocation and meritocracy 1. … Continue reading

Posted in education, Functionalism | Tagged , , , , , , | 21 Comments

The Role of Transnational Corporations in Development

A few criticisms of  the role of Transnational Corporations in International Development  Transnational Corporations are one of the primary agents of Global Capitalism and many have been criticised because of the social and environmental harms they cause in the pursuit … Continue reading

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