Category Archives: Global Development

Gender Equality in Rwanda

Rwanda makes an interesting case study of a developing nation which appears to have atypically high levels of gender equality. It ranks no 7 in the Gender Empowerment Index, just behind the Nordic countries, and actually has a higher proportion of … Continue reading

Posted in Global Development, Sex and gender | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Modernisation Theory Applied to Gender Inequality

Modernisation Theory blames internal cultural factors for women’s subordination in the developing world. It is argued that some traditional cultures, and especially the religious ideas that underpin the values, norms, institutions and customs of the developing world, ascribe status on … Continue reading

Posted in Global Development | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Industrialisation and Development

What is Industrialisation? Industrialisation is where a country moves from an economy dominated by agricultural output and employment to one dominated by manufacturing. This will usually involve the establishment of factories in which things are produced in a rationally organized … Continue reading

Posted in Industrialisation and urbanisation | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

The Strengths and Limitations of NGOs in Development

The advantages of NGO Aid over Official Development Aid Generally smaller and thus more responsive to the needs of local communities than the kinds of large scale development projects undertaken in the days of Modernisation Theory. There is no political … Continue reading

Posted in Agencies of development, Global Development | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

The Role of Non-Governmental Organisations in International Development

There is a very wide range of non-governmental organisations (NGOs). NGOs are groups of concerned citizens who are independent of the government and business, and are thus nominally non-political and non-profit organisations. NGOs typically have charity status and raise funds … Continue reading

Posted in Agencies of development, Global Development | Tagged , , , , | 1 Comment

What are Transnational Corporations?

Introduction – Definition and Scale of TNCs Transnational Corporations are businesses that operate across international borders, though most of them have their headquarters in the USA, Europe and Japan. There were about 7000 TNCs operating in 1970, but the charity … Continue reading

Posted in Global Development, Transnational corporations | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Arguments and Evidence that Transnational Corporations Harm Developing Countries

Marxists are generally critical of the role of TNCs in developing countries. They basically argue that they are part of the neo-colonial project and their main focus is to maximize profit by extracting resources from poor countries as cheaply as … Continue reading

Posted in Global Development, Transnational corporations | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Arguments for Transnational Corporations in Development

Modernisation theory saw TNCs as playing a positive role in helping societies to develop. Rostow (1971) saw the injection of capital as essential in the pre-conditions for take-off phase of development, and he thought TNC’s were one of the institutions … Continue reading

Posted in Global Development, Transnational corporations | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Arguments for Official Development Aid

Early modernisation theorists believed that it was essential to inject aid into countries to establish infrastructure and change attitudes. From the 1950s to 70s aid programs seemed to have a positive effect on many developing countries as both economic and … Continue reading

Posted in Aid, trade and debt, Global Development | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Different Types of Aid in International Development

Aid refers to any flow of resources from developed countries to the developing world. Aid can come in the form of money, technology, gifts or training, and can either be provided in the form of a grant which does not … Continue reading

Posted in Aid, trade and debt, Global Development | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment