Category: Global Development
World Systems Theory
Core countries exploit those on the periphery in a global economic system.
Evaluate explanations of development and under-development put forward by dependency theorists
The plan below is just one suggestion as to how you might go about answering this essay. Briefly introduce Dependency Theory Dependency theory is a Marxist theory, developed in the 1970s as a criticism of Modernisation theory. The best known dependency theorist is Andre Gunder Frank Underdevelopment is because the West exploits labour and resources…
Dependency Theorists argue that rich countries accumulated their wealth through exploiting poorer countries. Initially this was through colonialism and slavery, later on through neo-colonialism. To develop, poorer countries need to break free from these exploitative relations.
Modernisation Theory (Development and Underdevelopment)
Modernisation Theory Historical Context (1940s and 50s) By the end of WW2 it had become clear that despite exposure to Capitalism many of the countries of the South had failed to develop. In this context, in the late 1940s, Modernisation Theory was developed. Modernisation theory had two major aims It attempted to explain why poorer…
The Transformationalist View of Globalisation
Transformationalists argue that globalisation is complex two way process and that it can be reversed.
The Pessimist View of Globalization
Pessimist globalists argue that globalization is a form of Western, American Imperialism. They see globalization as a process in which Western institutions and ideas are imposed on the rest of the world. Transnational Corporations are the backbone of this new global order and these are the institutions that benefit from especially economic globalization. Two examples…
The Hyper Globalist View of Globalisation
hyper globalists argue globalisation is a positive process of economic growth and increasing prosperity for the majority and the spread of democracy.
The Role of Transnational Corporations in Development
A few criticisms of the role of Transnational Corporations in International Development Transnational Corporations are one of the primary agents of Global Capitalism and many have been criticised because of the social and environmental harms they cause in the pursuit of profit. In this blog I outline some case studies of Corporations exploiting workers. My main…