Beliefs in Society

Links to posts on sociological explanations of religion, science and ideology; the relationship between social change, stability, and religious beliefs, practices and organisations; religious organisations: cults, sects, denominations, churches and New Age movements; class, gender, ethnicity and religion; the significance of religion and religiosity in the contemporary world, including the nature and extent of secularisation; globalisation and the spread of religions.#

 

This page is a work in progress and will gradually be populated with links to posts covering the whole of the AQA religion specification and more!

What is Religion? – An introductory post, covering the difference between substantive and functional definitions of religion.

Sociological explanations of religion, science and ideology including both Christian and non-Christian religious traditions

What is the the difference between science and religion?this post outlines four general differences between science and religion: the empirical versus the supernatural, open versus closed belief systems, evolving versus absolute knowledge, and objectivity versus subjectivity. 

Religion and Science – Are They Compatible? – this post is really a counter-post to the one above. It focuses on the similarities between science and religion, rather than the differences between the two. 

The relationship between social change, stability, and religious beliefs, practices and organisations

AKA ‘sociological perspectives on religion’

The Functionalist Perspective on Religion summary revision notes covering Durkheim’s Malinowski’s, and Parsons perspectives on the role of religion in society

Emile Durkheim’s Perspective on Religionclass notes covering Durkhiem’s view that religion really represents society, so when people worship religion, they are really worshiping society. Durkhiem argued that religion is a conservative force which reinforces people’s commitment to social values.

Malinowksi’s Perspective on Religionmore in-depth class notes – Malinowski differs from Durkheim in that he did not believe that when people worshiped religion they were really worshiping society. He tended to focus more on the positive functions religion performed for the individual rather than society. 

Talcott Parsons’ Perspective on Religionclass notes.

The Marxist Perspective on Religionclass notes on Marx’s well known view that ‘religion is the opium of the masses’.  

Max Weber – The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalismrevision notes. 

Neo Functionalism: Civil ReligionRobert Bellah’s concept of Civil Religion dragged Functionalist analysis of religion into the 20th century, and maybe you can use it to drag it into the 21st?!

Radical Feminist perspectives on religionsummary revision notes covering Simone de Beauviour and Nawal El Saadawi among other fave rad fems.

Simone De Beauvoir’s Perspective on Religionclass notes.

Nawal El Saadawi: The Hidden Face of Eveclass notes covering Egyptian feminist El Saadawi’s perspective on the role of religion in oppression women in the Arab World. She basically argues that it’s patriarchy, not religion that’s the problem.

Carol Christ’s Feminist Spiritualityclass notes covering Christ’s view that women should seek personal paths to finding the Goddess.

Religion and social changesummary revision notes summarising the above perspective’s views on the relationship between religion and social change. 

 

Religious organisations: cults, sects, denominations, churches and New Age movements and their relationship to religious and spiritual belief and practice

The Churchrevision notes

Denominationsrevision notes

Sectsrevision notes 

Cultsrevision notes

World rejecting new religious movementsrevision notes

World accommodating new  religious movementsrevision notes

World affirming new religious movementsrevision notes 

What is the new age movement?Introductory post

Explaining the growth of the new age movement – Revision Notes

 

 

 

 

Class, gender, ethnicity and religion

The significance of religion and religiosity in the contemporary world, including the nature and extent of secularisation

Religion in global context; globalisation and the spread of religions