Links to posts on sociological explanations of religion, science and ideology; the relationship between social change, stability, and religious beliefs, practices and organisations; religious organisations: cults, sects, denominations, churches and New Age movements; class, gender, ethnicity and religion; the significance of religion and religiosity in the contemporary world, including the nature and extent of secularisation; globalisation and the spread of religions.#
This page is a work in progress and will gradually be populated with links to posts covering the whole of the AQA religion specification and more!
What is Religion? – An introductory post, covering the difference between substantive and functional definitions of religion.
Sociological explanations of religion, science and ideology including both Christian and non-Christian religious traditions
What is the the difference between science and religion? – this post outlines four general differences between science and religion: the empirical versus the supernatural, open versus closed belief systems, evolving versus absolute knowledge, and objectivity versus subjectivity.
Religion and Science – Are They Compatible? – this post is really a counter-post to the one above. It focuses on the similarities between science and religion, rather than the differences between the two.
The relationship between social change, stability, and religious beliefs, practices and organisations
AKA ‘sociological perspectives on religion’
The Functionalist Perspective on Religion – summary revision notes covering Durkheim’s Malinowski’s, and Parsons perspectives on the role of religion in society
Emile Durkheim’s Perspective on Religion – class notes covering Durkhiem’s view that religion really represents society, so when people worship religion, they are really worshiping society. Durkhiem argued that religion is a conservative force which reinforces people’s commitment to social values.
Malinowksi’s Perspective on Religion – more in-depth class notes – Malinowski differs from Durkheim in that he did not believe that when people worshiped religion they were really worshiping society. He tended to focus more on the positive functions religion performed for the individual rather than society.
Talcott Parsons’ Perspective on Religion – class notes.
The Marxist Perspective on Religion – class notes on Marx’s well known view that ‘religion is the opium of the masses’.
Max Weber – The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism – revision notes.
Neo Functionalism: Civil Religion – Robert Bellah’s concept of Civil Religion dragged Functionalist analysis of religion into the 20th century, and maybe you can use it to drag it into the 21st?!
Radical Feminist perspectives on religion – summary revision notes covering Simone de Beauviour and Nawal El Saadawi among other fave rad fems.
Simone De Beauvoir’s Perspective on Religion – class notes.
Nawal El Saadawi: The Hidden Face of Eve – class notes covering Egyptian feminist El Saadawi’s perspective on the role of religion in oppression women in the Arab World. She basically argues that it’s patriarchy, not religion that’s the problem.
Carol Christ’s Feminist Spirituality – class notes covering Christ’s view that women should seek personal paths to finding the Goddess.
Religion and social change – summary revision notes summarising the above perspective’s views on the relationship between religion and social change.
Religious organisations: cults, sects, denominations, churches and New Age movements and their relationship to religious and spiritual belief and practice
The Church – revision notes
Denominations – revision notes
Sects –revision notes
Cults – revision notes
World rejecting new religious movements – revision notes
World accommodating new religious movements – revision notes
World affirming new religious movements – revision notes
What is the new age movement? – Introductory post
Explaining the growth of the new age movement – Revision Notes