Category Archives: Marxism

Why workers aren’t benefiting from the automation of jobs…

The increasing automation of jobs could (should?) result in us all working less – but instead, most of us seem to working just as longer hours as ever, why is this – a little dose of Marxism actually goes a … Continue reading

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Zygmunt Bauman’s Liquid Times – A Summary

Zygmunt Bauman is one of the world’s leading sociologists. He is particularly interested in how the west’s increasing obsession with ‘individualism’ actually prevents the individual from being free in any meaningful sense of the word. In  ‘Liquid Times (2007), Bauman … Continue reading

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Zygmunt Bauman’s Liquid Modernity – A Summary of Chapter One

A brief summary of Zygmunt Bauman’s Liquid Modernity, chapter one. Bauman is one of the world’s leading, living sociologists and for A Level sociology purposes has been pigeon-holed into the theoretical category of ‘Postmodern Marxism’. Whatever labels whoever attaches to … Continue reading

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Marxism – A Level Sociology Revision Notes

Karl Marx and Louis Althusser are Modernist, Structural Conflict Theorists while Antonio Gramsci is  a Humanist Conflict Theorist. Karl Marx: Key Ideas Two classes – Bourgeois – Proletariat Relationship between them is Exploitation/ Surplus Value The Base (economy) determines the … Continue reading

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Althusser’s Scientific Marxism

While humanistic Marxists see humans as creative beings, able to make history through their conscious actions, for structuralist Marxists, it is social structures that shape human action, and we should be researching structures not individuals. The most important structural Marxist … Continue reading

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Gramsci’s Humanist Marxism

Gramsci (1891-1937) was the first leader of the Italian Communist Party during the 20s. He introduced the concept of hegemony or ideological and moral leadership of society, to explain how the ruling class maintains its position and argued that the … Continue reading

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Eight Reasons Why We Should All be Marxists

The third of three posts on Marxism for A2 Sociological Perspectives – Arguments and evidence for the continued relevance of Marxism  Contemporary Marxists argues that Marxist analysis is still relevant to an understanding of modern society. A considerable amount of … Continue reading

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Eight Criticisms of the Traditional Marxist View of Society

The class structure today is more complex than Bourgeois-Proletariat. In most Western Nations and increasingly in developing nations there is an extensive middle class who have stocks and shares invested in Corporations run by what Marxists would call the ‘Capitalist … Continue reading

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The Marxist Perspective on Society

Includes some of the Key Ideas of Karl Marx, including Bourgeoisie/ Proletariat, exploitation, false consciousness, ideological control, and revolution. This is a simplified version of Marxist Theory designed for second year A level students In order to fully understand Marxism, … Continue reading

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Sociological Perspectives on Social Policy and the Family

The Functionalist View of Social Policy and The Family Functionalists see society as built on harmony and consensus (shared values), and free from conflicts. They see the state as acting in the interests of society as a whole and its … Continue reading

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