Category Archives: religious organisations

Outline and explain two ways in which religious organisations have changed in response to globalisation

This is a suggested answer to the first type of 10 mark question you’ll find in section A of the AQA’s second sociology paper (paper 2, topics in sociology). For some general advice on how to answer (both types of) … Continue reading

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Outline and explain two reasons why some groups are more likely to join World Rejecting New Religious Movements than others (10)

This is a suggested answer to the first type of 10 mark question you’ll find in section A of the AQA’s second sociology paper (paper 2, topics in sociology). It’s good practice to firstly identify a type of group and … Continue reading

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What is the New Age Movement?

During the 1980s increasing numbers of people started turning to various unconventional spiritual and therapeutic practices, which have been labelled as the ‘New Age Movement’ by sociologists such as Paul Heelas (1996). The New Age Movement consists of an eclectic … Continue reading

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World Affirming New Religious Movements

According to Roy Walllis, World Affirming New Religious Movements aim to help individuals achieve success within mainstream society by unleashing their spiritual potential. This is the third type of movement in Wallis three fold typology of New Religious Movement, and … Continue reading

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World Accommodating New Religious Movements

The World Accommodating New Religious Movement (NRM) is one of Roy Wallis’ three types of New Religious Movement. As the name suggests, their orientation to wider society is one of ‘accommodating’ the world rather than rejecting or affirming it. These … Continue reading

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World Rejecting New Religious Movements

The World Rejecting New Religious Movement (NRM) is one of Roy Wallis’ three types of New Religious Movement. As the name suggests, their orientation to wider society is one of rejecting most of what that society stands for. Wallis’ World … Continue reading

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Types of religious organisation: the cult

Steve Bruce (1995) defines a cult as a ‘loosely knit group organized around some common themes and interests but lacking any sharply defined and exclusive belief system’. Cults correspond closely to Roy Wallis’ category of ‘World Affirming New Religious Movements’. … Continue reading

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Types of Religious Organisation: The Sect

According to Troeltsch, the Sect is basically the opposite of The Church…. Key characteristics of sects according to Troeltsch… They have significantly smaller memberships than churches The membership base of sects is drawn from the lower social classes Sects are … Continue reading

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Types of Religious Organisation: The Denomination

H.R. Niebuhr (1929) was the first sociologist to distinguish between a church and a denomination. His distinction was based on a study of religion in the U.S.A. Denominations share some, but not all of the features of churches. Examples of … Continue reading

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Types of Religious Organisation: The Church

Ernst Troeltsch (1931) used the term ‘church’ to refer to a large, hierarchically organised¬† religious institutions with an inclusive, universal membership, typically with close links to the state. According to Troeltsch* Churches have about 5 characteristics: Churches tend to have … Continue reading

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