This is a suggested answer to the first type of 10 mark question you’ll find in section A of the AQA’s second sociology paper (paper 2, topics in sociology).
For some general advice on how to answer (both types of) 10 mark questions – please see this post.
This is a brief, bullet pointed answer to give students some ideas of how they might answer this question.
Firstly, some religious organisations have made a conscious effort to be more accepting of diversity, as a response to the increasing intermixing of cultures.
One example of this is ecumenicalism, which seeks to find commonalities across different faiths and stresses that no religion has a monopoly on the truth.
The New Age Movement is also a type of new religion which embraces the diversity of globalization. For example, it draws on many traditions from around the world, such as Buddhism, and it also allows people the freedom to pick and mix different aspects of religions to suit them.
Secondly, some religious organisations have become more fundamentalist, as they perceive globalization as a threat.
Globalization can mean rapid social change and dislocation, and fundamentalist groups are conservative and either want to resist change or take things back to a simpler, ‘golden era’.
Such groups might be appealing to those who feel like they are losing out with the changes globalization brings. They offer a sense of direction and certainty rather than chaos and anomie.
NB: This is a tough question!
Beliefs in society Revision Bundle
If you like this sort of thing, then you might like my A Level Sociology Beliefs in Society Revision Bundle which contains the following:
Mind maps in pdf and png format –covering most of the perspectives on beliefs.
Exam practice questions – 9 in total including three 10 mark ‘outline and explain’ questions, three 10 mark ‘analyse using the item’ questions and three 20 mark essay questions.