Category Archives: religious organisations

World Rejecting New Religious Movements

The World Rejecting New Religious Movement (NRM) is one of Roy Wallis’ three types of New Religious Movement. As the name suggests, their orientation to wider society is one of rejecting most of what that society stands for. Wallis’ World … Continue reading

Posted in Religion, religious organisations | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Types of religious organisation: the cult

Steve Bruce (1995) defines a cult as a ‘loosely knit group organized around some common themes and interests but lacking any sharply defined and exclusive belief system’. Cults correspond closely to Roy Wallis’ category of ‘World Affirming New Religious Movements’. … Continue reading

Posted in Religion, religious organisations | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Types of Religious Organisation: The Sect

According to Troeltsch, the Sect is basically the opposite of The Church…. Key characteristics of sects according to Troeltsch… They have significantly smaller memberships than churches The membership base of sects is drawn from the lower social classes Sects are … Continue reading

Posted in Religion, religious organisations, Sociological concepts | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Types of Religious Organisation: The Denomination

H.R. Niebuhr (1929) was the first sociologist to distinguish between a church and a denomination. His distinction was based on a study of religion in the U.S.A. Denominations share some, but not all of the features of churches. Examples of … Continue reading

Posted in Religion, religious organisations, Sociological concepts | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Types of Religious Organisation: The Church

Ernst Troeltsch (1931) used the term ‘church’ to refer to a large, hierarchically organised¬† religious institutions with an inclusive, universal membership, typically with close links to the state. According to Troeltsch* Churches have about 5 characteristics: Churches tend to have … Continue reading

Posted in Religion, religious organisations, Sociological concepts | Tagged , | Leave a comment