Tag Archives: religion

World Rejecting New Religious Movements

The World Rejecting New Religious Movement (NRM) is one of Roy Wallis’ three types of New Religious Movement. As the name suggests, their orientation to wider society is one of rejecting most of what that society stands for. Wallis’ World … Continue reading

Posted in Religion, religious organisations | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Types of religious organisation: the cult

Steve Bruce (1995) defines a cult as a ‘loosely knit group organized around some common themes and interests but lacking any sharply defined and exclusive belief system’. Cults correspond closely to Roy Wallis’ category of ‘World Affirming New Religious Movements’. … Continue reading

Posted in Religion, religious organisations | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Types of Religious Organisation: The Sect

According to Troeltsch, the Sect is basically the opposite of The Church…. Key characteristics of sects according to Troeltsch… They have significantly smaller memberships than churches The membership base of sects is drawn from the lower social classes Sects are … Continue reading

Posted in Religion, religious organisations, Sociological concepts | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Jesus in Disneyland: Religion in Postmodern Times

David Lyon argues that religion is not declining with the shift from modernity to postmodernity, rather it is simply relocating to the ‘sphere of consumption’ as people selectively choose which aspects different religions to use at different points in their … Continue reading

Posted in Postmodernism and Late Modernsim, Religion | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Religious Pluralism: Evidence of Secularization?

Durkheim’s view of religion implied that a truly religious society could only have one religion in that society. In Durkheim’s analysis this was the situation in small-scale, Aboriginal societies, where every member of that society comes together at certain times … Continue reading

Posted in Religion, secularization, Sociological concepts | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Anthony Giddens – High Modernity and Religious Revival

Anthony Giddens argues that the shift to late modern society results in religion becoming more popular. Giddens is one of four ‘sociologists of postmodernity’, all of whom argue that postmodernisation results in the nature of religion changing, but not necessarily … Continue reading

Posted in Postmodernism and Late Modernsim, Religion | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Structural Differentiation and Religion

According to Talcott Parsons, the disengagement of the church from social life might not necessarily mean that the church is any less important at a social level. Parsons argues that societies evolve through a process of ‘structural differentiation’ – as … Continue reading

Posted in Religion, secularization | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Evidence for Secularization

Secularization is the declining social significance of religion in society. The extent of secularization is usually ascertained (for the purposes of A-level sociology) by using three broad indicators: belonging, behaving, and belief, and there are numerous specific measures associated with … Continue reading

Posted in Religion, secularization | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Theories of Secularization: Rationalization and the Disenchantment of Society

According to Weber, the rationalization of society led to the disenchantment of society and as a result religious motives for action were replaced by rational motives for action. This post considers arguments and evidence for and against this theory. Max … Continue reading

Posted in Religion, secularization | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Radical Feminist Perspectives on Religion

Radical Feminists emphasize the patriarchal nature of some mainstream religions such as Catholicism and Islam. They argue that such religions have developed in patriarchal societies and have been ‘hijacked’ by men. Men have interpreted religious doctrines in order to justify … Continue reading

Posted in Feminism, Religion, Revision | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment