Tag Archives: social class

Evaluating the Marxist Perspective on Education

Marxists argue that the education system performs the following functions… It is the ideological state apparatus It creates a passive and subservient workforce It reproduces class inequality It legitimates (justifies) class inequality You might like to review the Marxist Perspective … Continue reading

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The Long History of the ‘Underclass’ Thesis

Charles Murray’s Underclass Theory – the idea that there is a ‘hardcore’ of a few hundred thousand families and individuals who are welfare-dependent and responsible a disproportionate amount of crime in society has a long history: In Victorian times there … Continue reading

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Social Class and Crime

In this topic we examine the relationship between social class and crime. According to available statistics, class background is correlated with both the amount of and type of offending, but there are some significant limitations with the statistics on social … Continue reading

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The Hidden Privileges of Identity: On Being Middle Class

A summary of Steph Lawler’s ‘Sociological Perspectives on Identity’, chapter 7 During summer 2000 and in January 2001, there were two separate community-protests over the housing of child-offenders in the local community, one in a working-class area, by working-class people, … Continue reading

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Sociology in the News (3)

1. Yet more evidence of corporate criminals From the USA here’s some further evidence of corporate criminality Federal regulators and states are finding fast food companies like Chipotle, McDonald’s and Papa John culpable of wage theft, worker intimidation and discrimination. … Continue reading

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Sociological Analysis of The Olympics

The British media love The Olympics, especially when ‘Team GB’ are so successful, but there’s a lot more to individual or even team success than just the individual athletes…Team GB’s success actually illustrates the relevance of Anthony Giddens’ concept of … Continue reading

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Why do White Working Class Kids Lack Aspiration?

This useful Thinking Allowed Podcast summarises two recent pieces of qualitative social research and helps further our understanding of why white working class boys underachieve in education. The podcast starts with Michael Wilshaw in 2013 (when he was head of OFSTED) … Continue reading

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Explaining Social Class Differences in Education Using Longitudinal Studies

Why do working class children do worse than middle class children in education? This post looks at some quantitative, longitudinal data to explore why. A recent report by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation argues that early intervention is not enough to … Continue reading

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Official Statistics on Educational Achievement in the U.K. – Strengths and Limitations

How useful are official statistics for understanding differences in educational achievement by social class, gender and ethnicity? How do GCSE results vary by social class, gender and ethnicity? The data below is taken from the Department for Education’s document – … Continue reading

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The Extent of Material Deprivation in the UK

Material deprivation* refers to the inability to afford basic resources and services such as sufficient food and heating. To put it more simply, all of those who suffer material deprivation in the UK  exist in a state of relative poverty, … Continue reading

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