Monthly Archives: November 2016

Gender and Crime: Sex-Role Theory

Sex Role Theory explains gendered differences in offending in terms of the differences in gender socialization, gender roles and gendered identities. The norms and values associated with traditional femininity are not conducive to crime, while the norms and values associated … Continue reading

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Save Sheffield’s Trees – A Case Study in Green Crime and Green Criminology

Amey, a private company, contracted by Sheffield council to maintain roads and pavements has chopped down 4000 trees in Sheffield in recent years. Some of these trees were a hundred years old, and there was absolutely nothing wrong them; the main … Continue reading

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Outline and analyse two criticisms of the theory that police racism is the main factor which explains the higher imprisonment rates of ethnic minorities (10)

A mark scheme and some suggested answers to the above question* 8-10 •        Answers in this band will show good knowledge and understanding of relevant material on two reasons. •        There will be two developed applications of material from the … Continue reading

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Sociology in the News – Focus on Education

A couple of interesting items in the news this week about the pros and cons of strict systems of education. This article from the Daily Mail outlines the strict social-control policies at the The Michaela Community School (a free school) … Continue reading

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Ethnicity and Crime: Short Answer Exam Questions and Answers

Outline two structural factors which may explain differences in offending by ethnicity (4) Two marks for each of two appropriate reasons clearly outlined or one mark for appropriate reasons partially outlined The higher rates of single parent families in African-Caribbean … Continue reading

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Racism in the British Criminal Justice System – Selected Evidence

Unfortunately, there is a considerable amount of evidence suggesting a long history of institutional racism within the Criminal Justice System. Below we are going to look at the short version, starting with the case study of Stephen Lawrence…    The … Continue reading

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Criminal Justice, Ethnicity and Racism

Both Paul Gilroy and Stuart Hall argue that crime statistics are socially constructed and these statistics do not reflect underlying differences in crime rates. They argue instead that the variations in stop and search and imprisonment rates by ethnicity are … Continue reading

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Ethnicity and Crime: Paul Gilroy’s ‘Anti-Racist Theory’

Below I summarise pp52-3 of Collins’ Sociology AQA A-Level Year 2 Student Book (Chapman, Holborn, Moore and Aiken.) This is their take on what they call ‘Paul Gilroy’s Anti Racist Theory of Crime’ – Interestingly Prof. Gilroy commented on the … Continue reading

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Ethnicity and Crime: Neo-Marxist Approaches

Neo-Marxism draws on aspects of Marxist and Interactionist theory in order to explain the criminalisation of ethnic minorities by the media and the state. The classic study from this perspective is Stuart Hall’s Policing the Crisis (1979) in which he … Continue reading

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Left Realist Explanations for Ethnic Differences in Crime

Left Realists, Lea and Young suggest that ethnic minorities are disadvantaged in comparison with other groups in society, and this is especially true for young black males who have much higher levels of unemployment. In comparison with their peers from … Continue reading

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