Tag Archives: Revision

Outline and explain two reasons why trade does not always promote development (10)

One reason is that poorer countries tend to export low-value primary products such as agricultural goods, while richer countries export higher value goods. Frank (1971) argues this is a legacy of colonialism during which rich countries made their colonies specialize … Continue reading

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Hints for A Level Sociology Paper 3 (Crime and Deviance)

A few hints for how I recommend answering the Crime and Deviance section of AQA’s paper 3 (which also contains theory and methods, more of that later). NB – What’s below isn’t endorsed by the AQA, but it’s my best … Continue reading

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Outline and analyse two criticisms of the theory that police racism is the main factor which explains the higher imprisonment rates of ethnic minorities (10)

A mark scheme and some suggested answers to the above question* 8-10 •        Answers in this band will show good knowledge and understanding of relevant material on two reasons. •        There will be two developed applications of material from the … Continue reading

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Ethnicity and Crime: Short Answer Exam Questions and Answers

Outline two structural factors which may explain differences in offending by ethnicity (4) Two marks for each of two appropriate reasons clearly outlined or one mark for appropriate reasons partially outlined The higher rates of single parent families in African-Caribbean … Continue reading

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Research Methods Essays – How to Write Them

Essay planning and writing for the AS and A Level sociology exams – hints and tips The research methods section of the AS sociology 7191 (2) exam (research methods and topics in sociology) consists of one short answer question (out … Continue reading

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Social Action Theory – A Summary

Unlike structural theorists, social action theorists argue that people’s behaviour and life-chances are not determined by their social background. Instead, social action theorists emphasises the role of the active individual and interactions between people in shaping personal identity and in … Continue reading

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Marxism – A Level Sociology Revision Notes

Karl Marx and Louis Althusser are Modernist, Structural Conflict Theorists while Antonio Gramsci is  a Humanist Conflict Theorist. Karl Marx: Key Ideas Two classes – Bourgeois – Proletariat Relationship between them is Exploitation/ Surplus Value The Base (economy) determines the … Continue reading

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Assess the Contribution of Marxism to our Understanding of Crime and Deviance (30)

An essay plan on the Marxist Theory of Crime and Deviance – starting with an introduction outlining the Marxist conception of social class and then covering 4-5 key points such as the costs of corporate crime, selective law enforcement and … Continue reading

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Sociological Perspectives on Crime and Deviance

A brief overview of some sociological perspectives on crime and deviance – from Functionalism through to Right Realism.  Theory Summary Functionalism Argue that societies need a limited amount of crime, because crime is inevitable (society of saints argument) and that … Continue reading

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Sociological Perspectives on Education Summary Grid

A Level Sociology – Perspectives on Education Summary Grid A summmary of the Functionalist, Marxist, New Right, Late Modern/ New Labour and Postmodern Perspectives on the role of education in society – focusing on Key ideas, supporting evidence and criticisms.  Key Ideas … Continue reading

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