Tag Archives: Functionalism

Is Religion a Source of Consensus or Conflict?

Functionalism is the only perspective which has traditionally argued that religion is a source of value consensus, all other perspectives disagree with this in one way or another, but not all believe that religion is necessarily a cause of overt … Continue reading

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Evaluate the view that religious beliefs and organisations are barriers to social change (20)

The above question appears on the AQA’s 2016 Paper 2 Specimen Paper. The Question and the Item (as on the paper) Read Item B and answer the question that follows. Item B Many sociologists argue that religious beliefs and organisations … Continue reading

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Structural Differentiation and Religion

According to Talcott Parsons, the disengagement of the church from social life might not necessarily mean that the church is any less important at a social level. Parsons argues that societies evolve through a process of ‘structural differentiation’ – as … Continue reading

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Religion and Social Change

Does religion cause social change, or prevent it? Functionalists and Traditional Marxists have generally argued that religion prevents social change. Neo-Marxists and the Social Action theorist Max Weber have argued that religion can be a force for social change. There … Continue reading

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The Functionalist Perspective on Religion: Summary Revision Notes

According to Functionalism, religion acts as a conservative force by reinforcing social norms and promoting social solidarity. This post is A summary of the key ideas of the main Functionalist theorists of religion: Durkheim, Parsons and Malinowski. Continue reading

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Talcott Parsons’ Perspective on Religion

A summary of Talcott Parson’s functionalist perspective on religion Continue reading

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Malinowski’s Perspective on Religion

A summary of Bonislow Mainowski’s perspective on religion. Continue reading

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Emile Durkheim’s Perspective on Religion

A summary of Emile Durkheim’s Perspective on Religion, covering his concepts of sacred and profane among other things…. Continue reading

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Evaluate the view that the growth of family diversity has led to a decline in the nuclear family (20)

An example of a top band answer (17/20) to a possible question on the AQA’s 7192/2 topics in sociology paper (families option, section A) Continue reading

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Evaluate the usefulness of functionalist approaches in understanding crime and deviance (30)

This is an example of a 25/30 answer to the above question, as marked by the AQA. In the pictures below, I’ve highlighted all of the candidate’s evaluations in red to show you the balance of knowledge and evaluation required … Continue reading

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