The Spirit Level – A Summary

The Spirit Level – Why more equal societies almost always do better – Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett This book is relevant to both the module on Crime and Deviance and Theory Methods Based on thirty years of research – Its findings are that almost every modern social and environmental problem is moire likely to … Continue reading “The Spirit Level – A Summary”

Social Problems facing Britain in 2020…

My top 14 social problems facing Britain in 2020: Pollution and the environment Inequality, low pay and poverty Inflation/ cost of living/ especially housing unemployment and underemployment Race relations The Ageing population Crime, law and order Mental health – depression/ anxiety (/suicide) Sexual inequalities Drug and alcohol abuse Lack of faith (trust) in government Immigration/ … Continue reading “Social Problems facing Britain in 2020…”

Cross National Comparisons

Cross National Comparisons involve researching a specific social institution, trend, or phenomenon in two or more countries using the same research methods, with the intention of comparing how this institution, trend, or phenomenon manifests in different socio-cultural settings. Researchers might choose to focus on broad topics such as the education system, or a specific trend … Continue reading “Cross National Comparisons”

Agenda Setting in The Mainstream News

Agenda-setting is where the media only ask a limited range of questions about a topic, thus limiting the number of perspectives or angles from which an issue is explored. It is a concept mainly associated with Marxism, and it is one of the main ways in which the media maintain ideological control according to Marxist … Continue reading “Agenda Setting in The Mainstream News”

Company Bosses really don’t deserve their high incomes

The link between what bosses are paid and a company’s financial performance is “negligible”, according to new research summarized by this BBC news item (December 2016) The median pay for chief executives at Britain’s 350 biggest companies was £1.9m in 2014 – a rise of 82% in 11 years – the study by Lancaster University … Continue reading “Company Bosses really don’t deserve their high incomes”

What is Happiness?

 Happy – lucky, fortunate; contented with one’s lot, glad or pleased[i] Synonyms [of happy]: Pleasure, joy, exhilaration, bliss, contentedness, delight, enjoyment, satisfaction.[ii] “Happiness is the meaning and purpose of life, the whole aim and end of human existence” (Aristotle) [iii] “The very purpose of life is to seek happiness.” (The Dalai Llama)[iv] It Sounds crazy – especially … Continue reading “What is Happiness?”

What are ‘Social Facts’ ?

Social Facts are one of Emile Durkheim’s most significant contributions to sociology. Social facts are things such as institutions, norms and values which exist external to the individual and constrain the individual. The University of Colorado lists as examples of social facts: institutions, statuses, roles, laws, beliefs, population distribution, urbanization, etc. Social facts include social … Continue reading “What are ‘Social Facts’ ?”

Assess the Usefulness of Positivist Approaches to Social Research (30)

Just a few thoughts on how you might go about answering this question… if it comes up on paper 3 of the A level sociology exam  Paragraph one – outline the key ideas of Positivism Positivists believe that sociology can and should use the same methods and approaches to study the social world that “natural” … Continue reading “Assess the Usefulness of Positivist Approaches to Social Research (30)”

Income Inequality in the UK – Some Infographics

Stratification is one of the core themes within A level Sociology and Sociology more generally. One of the major sources of stratification is found in differences between wealth and income within the UK. According to various sources of statistics (of course you should always question where these come from!) the UK is one of the … Continue reading “Income Inequality in the UK – Some Infographics”

Social Policy and Sociology Summary

Social Policy may be defined as actions the government carries out, or actions political parties propose to do,  in order to exert an influence over a specific area of social life, such as education, the family, or society more generally – such as policies concerning taxation and wealth distribution. This posts consists of a summary of Sociological … Continue reading “Social Policy and Sociology Summary”